While general dentists offer a broad range of preventive services and treatments, there are certain dentists who are specially trained for a specific niche. Let’s look at the different types of dentists to get an idea of what they do.

Pediatric Dentists

These dentists guide teens or children through their dental development and growth. Pediatric dentists may work closely with family physicians and pediatricians along with other dental specialists to offer comprehensive dental and medical care.


Orthodontists are trained dentists who specialize specifically in the prevention, correction and development of irregularities of the teeth and jaws. Orthodontists also possess professional training in treating jaw disorders and facial abnormalities. Frequently, a patient consults an orthodontist after getting a referral from his general dentist.

Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons

These surgeons are perform orthopedic facial surgeries and treat extensive dental problems, through reconstructive facial surgery and the removal of impacted teeth. This dental expertise also includes the diagnosis and treatment of injuries, defects and dental diseases involving both functional and aesthetic aspects of the hard and soft tissues of the maxillofacial and oral region.


Endodontists are trained for performing the root canal therapy. This specific category of dentistry is associated with the pathology, morphology and physiology of the human dental pulp and periradicular tissues.


Periodontists take care of dental implants and prevention of gum-related diseases. Periodontists are responsible for preventing, diagnosing and treating dental diseases of the surrounding and supporting tissues of the teeth or their substitutes. They help maintain good function and health of dental structures and gum tissues.


They are specialists who have pertained additional training and certification in the replacement and restoration of broken teeth with crowns, dentures and bridges. This branch of dentistry is also related to the understanding of the dynamics of the smile. They also work closely with other oral healthcare professionals for replacing missing teeth, restoring natural teeth and developing artificial substitutes for damaged oral and maxillofacial tissues.

So, now you will have a clear idea of the different types of dentists and what each of them does.