Bleeding gums are extremely common and may occasionally be encountered while brushing teeth or chewing food. While people often tend to shrug it off as a random occurrence, they are one of the primary signs of gum disease and should not be ignored. Caring for the health of your gums should be a priority, as should stopping the gums from bleeding. While bleeding gums should not be taken as a reason to panic, it does signify that your gums need more attention.
The main cause of bleeding gums is an inflammation of the gingival tissue that surrounds the tooth. The build-up of plaque around the gum line leads to inflamed gums and the development of gingivitis. If gingivitis is left unchecked, it can progress to the more severe form of gum disease known as periodontitis.
Other causes are less common but not worthy of being ignored. Vitamin K deficiency, bleeding disorders, leukemia, blood thinning medication, etc. are all potential causes of bleeding gums and require immediate medical attention.
Inadequate dental hygiene can lead to the accumulation of plaque around the gums. This is the primary cause of inflammation of the gums, which eventually leads to gum disease if left unchecked. The severity of bleeding gums is directly associated with the extent of gum disease. It usually manifests as the first sign of gingivitis. Regular brushing and routine flossing habits are essential in maintaining the health of the gums and preventing bleeding gums.
Nutrition and diet play an essential role in the health of the oral cavity. A diet rich in fruits and vegetables provides the necessary nutrients required for the overall health of the gums. Vitamins A, C, and K, and calcium and magnesium are considered to be some of the essential nutrients that affect the well-being of gums and the tissues in the oral cavity. A diet that contains high amounts of carbohydrates and sugars encourages the growth of plaque and bacteria in the mouth. Apart from maintaining good oral hygiene, cutting down on the consumption of excessive sugars and carbohydrates can also help reduce plaque build-up.
Smoking is not only bad for your general health but also affects oral health. Smoking has proven to be a leading cause of gum disease and prevents inflamed gums from healing. Making lifestyle changes like quitting smoking and alcohol can make a big difference in treating gum disease and bleeding gums.
Stress plays a significant role concerning bleeding gums due to increased inflammation of the gums. Individuals who deal with stressed-out lives are less likely to pay attention to their oral hygiene, which leads to increased levels of plaque build-up as well.
Rinsing your mouth with salt water multiple times a day is very helpful in reducing the growth of bacteria and inflammation in the mouth. The water should preferably be lukewarm and saturated with salt; the saltwater mixture helps in the reduction of bleeding from the gums and keeps the mouth clean as well.
Seeing your dentist regularly – once every six months at least – is the key to maintaining good oral health and preventing gum diseases. Visiting the dentist as soon as you notice bleeding gums is also highly recommended, as it allows any developing gum disease to be kept in check and also rules out any other cause for the bleeding.